Having healthy teeth is not only important for maintaining a beautiful smile but also for your overall well-being. Poor oral health can lead to various dental problems, such as cavities, gum disease, and even tooth loss. To prevent these issues, adopting good oral hygiene habits and following the best practices for healthy teeth is essential.

In this guide, we will discuss the top practices you should follow on how to keep teeth healthy and strong.

Why Is Teeth Health Important?

Before we dive into the best practices for maintaining teeth health, let’s first understand why having good teeth is crucial.

Our teeth comprise different layers – the enamel, dentin, and pulp. The tooth enamel is the hard outer layer that protects our teeth from decay and cavities. The dentin is a sensitive layer underneath the enamel, and the pulp contains nerves and blood vessels.

When we neglect our dental hygiene, harmful bacteria can build upon our teeth, leading to plaque and tartar formation. If left untreated, this can cause tooth decay and cavities, ultimately leading to tooth loss. Moreover, proper teeth care is essential for maintaining a bright smile and our general health. Poor oral health is linked to other health issues, such as heart disease, diabetes, and respiratory infections.

Ensuring we engage in thorough teeth care routines is critical in preserving the integrity of our teeth health. Regular brushing, flossing, and dental checkups are critical components of teeth health that help prevent plaque buildup and mitigate the risk of developing severe dental problems.

How to Maintain Healthy Teeth?

Now that we understand the importance of having healthy teeth, here are some best practices on how to keep your teeth healthy:

1. Brush Your Teeth Twice a Day With a Soft-Bristled Toothbrush and Fluoride Toothpaste

It may seem basic, but brushing your teeth twice a day is one of the most essential things you can do to maintain good teeth hygiene. You should brush with fluoride toothpaste for at least two minutes to remove food particles and bacteria from your mouth. Use small circular motions and short back-and-forth strokes. Make sure to brush gently and thoroughly, covering all surfaces of your teeth to ensure optimal dental health.

2. Floss Daily

Proper care of your teeth is essential for maintaining healthy teeth and gums. Alongside brushing, flossing plays a crucial role in oral hygiene. Brushing alone may leave plaque and food particles between your teeth, leading to dental issues. Learning to take care of teeth involves flossing regularly to clean those hard-to-reach areas, thus helping prevent cavities and promote healthy teeth and gums. It is recommended to floss at least once a day, ideally before bedtime, to ensure your oral health routine is thorough and effective.

3. Use Mouthwash

Mouthwash is an excellent addition to your oral hygiene routine and a key step in understanding how to take care of teeth effectively. It helps kill bacteria and freshens your breath, providing extra protection for your dental health. To ensure you’re taking the best possible care of your teeth, look for alcohol-free mouthwashes with fluoride, as these ingredients contribute to a stronger and healthier mouth, complementing regular brushing and flossing.

4. Avoid Foods and Drinks With Sugar

Acidic and sugary foods and beverages can harm your teeth, contributing to plaque and tooth decay. Limit your sugary drinks and snacks intake, and rinse your mouth or brush your teeth after consuming them. Experts have also stated that starchy foods, such as crackers, bread, chips, and pasta, can cause tooth decay.

5. Visit Your Dentist Regularly

Regular dental checkups are crucial for maintaining healthy teeth. Your dentist can detect any potential oral health issues early on and provide appropriate treatment. You should visit your dentist every six months for a routine cleaning and examination.

6. Quit Smoking

Smoking is severely detrimental to your oral health, causing stained teeth, reduced sense of taste and smell, and increasing the risk of gum disease and oral cancer. The inhalation of tobacco smoke breaks down the structure of your mouth, leading to more serious dental issues over time. Therefore, quitting smoking is a critical step in improving and maintaining oral health, with the benefits being immediate and substantial, including fresher breath, healthier gums, and reduced risk of serious dental complications.

7. Drink Water Regularly

Did you know that drinking plenty of water can help freshen your breath and improve your overall oral health? Drinking water flushes away bacteria (which cause odor and decay). It also helps prevent dry mouth and strengthen your teeth (saliva contains natural minerals like calcium).

8. Eat a Balanced Diet

Eating a balanced diet is essential for good overall health, including your teeth. Your diet should include calcium-rich foods like dairy products, leafy greens, and almonds to help keep your teeth strong and healthy. Vitamin D is also crucial for maintaining healthy teeth and can be found in fatty fish, eggs, and fortified cereals.

9. Consider Dental Sealants

Dental sealants are a thin, protective coating applied to the chewing surfaces of back teeth to prevent cavities. They can be particularly beneficial for children and teenagers who may struggle with proper brushing techniques or have deep grooves in their molars that are difficult to clean. Talk to your dentist about whether dental sealants are a good option for you or your child.

10. Practice Good Overall Health Habits

Taking care of your overall health also means taking care of your teeth. Make sure to get enough sleep, manage stress levels, and avoid harmful habits such as nail biting or chewing on ice. These practices can damage your teeth and negatively impact your oral health.

Common Dental Issues and How to Prevent Them

Even with proper care, dental problems can still occur. Learning and understanding how to take care of your teeth helps prevent such issues. Here are some common dental issues and tips on how to prevent them:


Cavities, also known as dental caries, are small holes in the teeth that occur as a result of tooth decay. This decay happens when plaque builds on the outer surface of the tooth, and the acids from the bacteria in the plaque eat away at the enamel. Good oral hygiene habits such as regular brushing and flossing, using fluoride toothpaste, limiting your consumption of sugary and acidic foods, and scheduling regular dental check-ups can help prevent cavities from forming.

Gum Disease

Gum disease, also known as periodontal disease, is an infection of the tissues that hold your teeth in place. It’s usually caused by a build-up of plaque due to poor oral hygiene and can cause inflammation, bleeding gums, and if left untreated, can lead to tooth loss. To prevent gum disease, it’s essential to maintain good oral hygiene practices, which include regular brushing and flossing, using an antibacterial mouthwash, and scheduling regular dental check-ups and cleanings to remove plaque and tartar professionally.

Tooth Sensitivity

Tooth sensitivity is a common problem experienced when the dentin layer (a sensitive layer beneath tooth enamel) becomes exposed. This exposure can result in discomfort or sharp pain when consuming hot or cold foods and drinks or when cold air hits the teeth. Preventing tooth sensitivity includes using a soft-bristled toothbrush, mild toothpaste designed for sensitive teeth, brushing gently to preserve tooth enamel, and regular check-ups with your dentist to monitor the health of your teeth.

Bad Breath

Also known as halitosis, bad breath can be caused by various factors such as dry mouth, smoking, certain foods, and medical conditions. Regular brushing and flossing, using a mouth rinse, and keeping your tongue clean can help prevent bad breath. An alcohol-free antibacterial mouth rinse can also help freshen your breath and kill the bacteria that cause bad breath.

Oral Cancer

Oral cancer can affect any part of the mouth, including the lips, tongue, cheeks, floor of the mouth, roof of the mouth, sinuses, and throat. Regular dental check-ups can help detect oral cancer at an early stage. Avoiding tobacco and alcohol can significantly reduce the risk of oral cancer.

Take Charge of Your Oral Health Today: Contact Monadnock Dental Associates PLLC

Taking care of your teeth is essential for maintaining good oral health and overall well-being. Following the best practices mentioned in this guide can keep your teeth healthy and prevent common dental issues.

If you need professional dental support or guidance on your oral healthcare routine, call Monadnock Dental Associates PLLC in Jaffrey, NH. Our gentle and experienced dentists offer various services to help you achieve and maintain optimal dental health. Contact us today to schedule an appointment and take charge of your oral health!